Friday, July 08, 2005


Over Training
Over training (staleness, over fatigue, chronic fatigue, over training syndrome) is a rather usual problem among athletes. The physiological homeostasis of an over trained athlete's body has become disturbed. Regulatory mechanisms of the body can not return back to the balance during the one or two days which is a normal recovery time.

At first the over training state can be mild, and if an athlete rests, his body recovers fast. Later it may be more severe, and an athlete will be exhausted. The exhaustion is typical for experienced endurance athletes, who usually react in this way. Overtraining-like states can also be induced by mental, social, economical and environmental stress. These factors together with physical training cause total stress which influences on the body.
Highly motivated athletes have to keep in mind that the balance between training, other stressors and recovery has to be right, i.e., they have to periodisize their training in the right way. If there is an uncompleted recovery time after exercises, fatigue starts to accumulate and after a few days or weeks symptoms of over training with a drop in performance will arise. As a result, recovery may take weeks or months.

Signs and symptoms of over training vary from athlete to athlete. The symptoms and signs are due to changes in the function of the autonomic nervous system, hormonal status, immunological parameters and other physiological and musculoskeletal changes of the body. Typically, an athlete feels tiredness and fatigue and notices a drop or stagnation in performance despite of continuing training.

Examples of psychological and psychosomatic over training signs and symptoms:
depression, fatigue, irritability, bad mood, anxiousness, confusion, excitement, desperation, lack of concentration
unwillingness to train
feeling of inability to go on training
sleeping problems
bad appetite
shaking hands
abnormal sweating
Examples of physiological over training signs and symptoms:
increased resting and sub maximal heart rate (resting heart rate can also be decreased in over training state)
muscle soreness
decreased maximal heart rate
menstrual irregularities
decreased performance
loss of strength
increased illness and injury frequency
loss of co-ordination

Heeeee. Nowhere that bad yet. But over-trained a bit over the past 2 weeks or so. Need to recuperate now.
-Got F for C maths. 16.5 out of 65. Must start to study (and pray) real hard.
-Got an ODAC camp this weekend.
-Can't remember what else I wanted to say cuz I'm so tired. -_-

No comments: